Infertility is the inability to conceive by natural means and is a medical condition with high prevalence affecting nearly 10- 15% of married couples in India. Nearly 27.5 million couples who are actively seeking children suffer from infertility. It is estimated that while female factor accounts for 40-50% of infertility among couples, infertility due to male factors is also on the rise and constitutes 30-40% of infertility cases While there is a rise in the proportion of women in the reproductive age of 20-44 yrs, the increase is more towards those aged between 30-44 yrs, who typically display lower fertility rates. This shifting demographic trend coupled with increasing contraceptive use and risk factor exposure is likely to drive further rise in the burden of infertility in India.
The key risk factors that are leading to high prevalence of infertility include:
Increasing marital age
Increasing number of working women
Rising alcohol and tobacco consumption
Rising levels of obesity